Virginia and Leonard Woolf loved biographies and autobiographies. Because of their special interest in stories of real lives, their publishing house, the Hogarth Press, took extra care with publications that pushed the boundaries of what they considered exciting and changeable forms. Modernist Lives examines the biographies and autobiographies published by the Woolfs between 1917 and 1946. By drawing attention to the centrality of these genres at the Press and in the Woolfs’ and their contemporaries’ theoretical essays, this book shows the importance of publishing history as a means of discovering previously overlooked facets of modernist literary culture. Both Woolfs’ literary theories were expressed implicitly and explicitly in all aspects of publishing, from advertisements and marketing strategies to editorial practice and literary composition. The book draws on archival material from the Hogarth Press Business Archive at the University of Reading and first editions from the Virginia Woolf Collection at the E. J. Pratt Library in Toronto to illuminate the history of books – including biographies for children, translations of lives of Tolstoy, and experimental works written by such figures as Christopher Isherwood, Henry Green, Harold Nicolson, and the Woolfs – from their initial solicitation by the press to their reception by readers and critics.